Barriers to Education
There can be many reasons for being an early school leaver or a NEET (Not in Education, Employment or Training). Many of these people face various challenges that can all be considered as barriers to education. These barriers can e.g. be medical diagnosis such as Asperger’s, ADHD or anxiety as well as social problems as poor upbringing, lack of positive role models or low self esteem. It can also be barriers like poor literacy and/or numerical skills or barriers related to integration problems.Please find below a number of barriers to education identified by the SOS-Network.
|Hyperkinetic discorders, ADHD||
Hyperkinetic disorders, Short periods of concentration, Disorders in remembering aural material, Disorders in attention, memory and association in learning process, Slow pace of learning, Sysgraphia
|14||male||Poland||Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Dysgraphia|
|Learning difficulties and a low self-assessment||
Difficulties in speaking, Low self-assessment, The feeling of being different than others, Slow speaking skills, Difficulties in writing - inability to create longer writing work, Great difficulties in science amd maths subjects.
|14||male||Poland||Speech difficulties, Brain / Nerve, Literacy/Numeracy difficulties|
|Dyslexia and concentration difficulties||
Student's comments: 'I couldn't keep up with the school programme, because I have been ill many times since I started school. I don't understand Maths.'
|15||male||Poland||Concentration (lack of), Dyslexia|
Lack of interest in her family about her studies. No study habit at all. Repeated absences promoted by her parents.
|15||female||Spain||Punctuality (lack of), Family, Minority, Culture, Literacy/Numeracy difficulties|
|Social and learning difficulties||
Problems with emotion and motivation areas. Poor lexis Poor aural memory Problems in concentration of attention Problems with maths and counting Illegible writing
|15||male||Poland||Social Behaviour, Motivation, Participation, Behavioural Barriers, Concentration (lack of), Literacy/Numeracy difficulties, Dyscalculia|
|Truancy and problems with concentration||
Student's comments: 'I sometimes play truant, because I do not keep up with science and maths projects. I can't concentrate during lessons.'
|Difficult home life and negative experiences in the past||
Past Negative Experience - this young person feels that school years have not been productive as he has been excluded from 2 different schools, mainly down to lack of attention/effort, resulting in bad behavioural patterns.
|16||male||United Kingdom||Social Behaviour, Homeless, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)|
|Lack of attention - ADHD||
Lack of attention. It is impossible for the student to stay at his desk for more than 5 minutes without speaking or getting up.
|16||male||Spain||Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)|
|Hyperactivity and problems with concentration||
Hyperactivity. Difficulties in concentration.
|16||male||Finland||Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)|
|Girl with severe language difficulties||
A girl with severe learning difficulties, and a mental age of 9.
|Low self-esteem and panic disorder||
Fear of new situations, panic disorder, low self-esteem, a lot of gaps in learning from the basic educational level.
|17||male||Finland||Self-esteem, Panic attacks|
|Problems with attendance and drug addiction||
Initially, he came irregularly and often late to his place of work/workshop and additionally, was happy to extend his weekends offering some excuse or other for not turning up.
|Threatening attitude and problems with following rules of conduct||
The student has serious problems with following rules of conduct. Teachers understand his behaviour as a threatening attitude instead of a disorder.
|Social fears and stress and bullying||
The girl has high levels of absence. In the time in which she is not in school she is lying in her bed and explains that she cannot stand up. Because of her times absent she is missing much instruction in school.
|17||female||Germany||Social Barriers, Bullying, Participation, Depression, Stress|
|Low self-esteem and learning difficulties||
Low self-esteem, needs a lot of guidance, learning difficulties.
|17||female||Finland||Self-esteem, Learning Barriers|
|Aggressive behaviour - ethnic minority||
The boy has six brothers and sisters. His parents barely speak the German language and can’t support their children in school. They cannot support the integration into German society. The student has got a bad attitude. His behaviour is harsh against his colleagues.
|17||male||Germany||Social Behaviour, Motivation, Violence, Punctuality (lack of), Minority|
|Dyslexia and discalcula causing stress||
He is very weak academically - both in linguistic formulation and comprehension. At the same time he suffers from dyscalculia.
|Low self-esteem and reading and writing difficulties||
Student who belongs to a broken family. He has not had stablished study habit before.
|17||male||Spain||Care or foster home, Self-esteem, Learning Barriers, Dyslexia, Dysgraphia|
|Poor cognitive performance and lack of capacity for empathy||
The students cognitive performance is poor. Lack of capacity for empathy.
The student doesn’t come to college, his attendance is poor. He's not motivated to study in a formal educational environment.
|17||male||Finland||Participation, Perception Disorder|
|Aggressive behavious connecting to upbringing in foster care||
Student's behaviour is rather aggressive and some of the classmates are afraid. She has lots of absences from the college. She got pregnant during the first year at college.
|17||female||Finland||Social Barriers, Motivation, Bullying, Participation, Care or foster home, pregnancy|
|No motivation, family background with indication of neglect||
The girl doesn’t seem to be motivated for education. Apparently, she is unresolved, and partly also quite unrealistic, with regards to her choice of education.
|17||female||Denmark||Motivation, Child care|
She suffers from asthma and she can find it difficult to breathe. This usually happens during really hard physical activity, like running a long distance or hard work for example.
|Brain injury causing cognitive difficulties||
She has a brain injury which causes cognitive difficulties such as violent temper and problems with concentration and the ability to recall skills. Neither physically or mentally she can live up to a requirement of full working hours. She often suffers from anxieties and insomnia.
|18||female||Denmark||Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Anxiety, Brain damage|
|Restless, quick-tempered, short-fuse||
Gets nervous easily and deliberately annoys other students, restless, quick-tempered, short-fuse.Does not live at home, because his parents could not cope with him: non-attendance at the VET College. Does not want to take the ADHD medication prescribed to him.
|18||male||Finland||Participation, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concentration (lack of)|