Barriers to Education
There can be many reasons for being an early school leaver or a NEET (Not in Education, Employment or Training). Many of these people face various challenges that can all be considered as barriers to education. These barriers can e.g. be medical diagnosis such as Asperger’s, ADHD or anxiety as well as social problems as poor upbringing, lack of positive role models or low self esteem. It can also be barriers like poor literacy and/or numerical skills or barriers related to integration problems.Please find below a number of barriers to education identified by the SOS-Network.
|Absence and lack of self-confidence||
The student works as an apprentice in a group of five people of the same age. He feels provoked by the other students and refuses to work. The trainer doesn't understand the attitude of the student and his wish to work by himself. The student rufuses to work in a team.
|20||male||Germany||Motivation, Confidence (lack of), Participation||completes his duties|
|ADD diagnosis and problems with anxiety||
ADD diagnosis and anxiety problems
|25||male||Sweden||Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Anxiety, Concentration (lack of)||has a lot of knowledge|
|Aggressive behaviour - ethnic minority||
The boy has six brothers and sisters. His parents barely speak the German language and can’t support their children in school. They cannot support the integration into German society. The student has got a bad attitude. His behaviour is harsh against his colleagues.
|17||male||Germany||Social Behaviour, Motivation, Violence, Punctuality (lack of), Minority|
|Aggressive behaviour and panic attacks||
The student behaves aggressively towards others.
|20||female||Finland||Depression, Panic attacks|
|Aggressive behavious connecting to upbringing in foster care||
Student's behaviour is rather aggressive and some of the classmates are afraid. She has lots of absences from the college. She got pregnant during the first year at college.
|17||female||Finland||Social Barriers, Motivation, Bullying, Participation, Care or foster home, pregnancy|
During the work placement period in a folk club restaurant she socialised with new friends working in the same place and after work time they went out to some pubs. She went back home drunk and very late in the night. She missed the work the morning after.
|Asperger's Syndrome and mental health issues||
The young person has Asperger's Syndrome and a history of mental health issues. The young person has self-doubt and needs constant reassurance that what they do is correct and has difficulty with basic decision making.
|20||male||United Kingdom||Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Mental Barriers, Anxiety, Insomnia, Depression, Aspergers|
She suffers from asthma and she can find it difficult to breathe. This usually happens during really hard physical activity, like running a long distance or hard work for example.
|Asthmatic and problems with attendance||
The apprentice has got days of absent in the workshop also in school. In parts it’s founded on illness but for some days he has not got an apology. He is not very open for criticism. He tries to conceal his days of absent in the vocational college from the trainer-team.
|23||male||Germany||Social Barriers, Participation, Asthmatic|
|Brain injury causing cognitive difficulties||
She has a brain injury which causes cognitive difficulties such as violent temper and problems with concentration and the ability to recall skills. Neither physically or mentally she can live up to a requirement of full working hours. She often suffers from anxieties and insomnia.
|18||female||Denmark||Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Anxiety, Brain damage|
|Depression and anxiety problems||
Problems with anxiety
|Depression and anxiety problems||
She has depression and anxiety.
|Depression and low self confidence||
She suffers very badly with depression. She finds it hard to gather up the energy to go to her training course.
The student has difficulties in understanding oral instructions.
|Difficult home life and negative experiences in the past||
Past Negative Experience - this young person feels that school years have not been productive as he has been excluded from 2 different schools, mainly down to lack of attention/effort, resulting in bad behavioural patterns.
|16||male||United Kingdom||Social Behaviour, Homeless, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)|
|Disruptive, diagnosed with ODD and ADHD||
He is currently serving time in prison. He is an early school leaver. He is disruptive and has attended and dropped out or been asked to leave several training courses. He was also kicked out of secondary school aged 15.
|26||male||Ireland||Prison, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)|
She has dyslexia. For this reason she has some problems with reading and writing. She wants to have the instructions given by someone who tells her what to do or show her how to do it. She doesn't like to read instructions and to have too much stress.
|Dyslexia and concentration difficulties||
Student's comments: 'I couldn't keep up with the school programme, because I have been ill many times since I started school. I don't understand Maths.'
|15||male||Poland||Concentration (lack of), Dyslexia|
|Dyslexia and discalcula causing stress||
He is very weak academically - both in linguistic formulation and comprehension. At the same time he suffers from dyscalculia.
During the work placement in a plant nursery in pistoia, Italy, he was stung. We did not consider it very dangerous but we sent him at home because he said that he was tired and sleepy. The weather was also very hot temperature at that moment.
|22||male||Sweden||Social Barriers, Self-identity|
|Extended learning difficulties and problems with concentrating||
The student doesn’t attend classes or he comes in late. He has difficulties staying still.
|18||male||Finland||Participation, Learning Barriers, Concentration (lack of)|
|Girl with severe language difficulties||
A girl with severe learning difficulties, and a mental age of 9.
Lack of interest in her family about her studies. No study habit at all. Repeated absences promoted by her parents.
|15||female||Spain||Punctuality (lack of), Family, Minority, Culture, Literacy/Numeracy difficulties|
|Hyperactivity and problems with concentration||
Hyperactivity. Difficulties in concentration.
|16||male||Finland||Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)|
|Hyperkinetic discorders, ADHD||
Hyperkinetic disorders, Short periods of concentration, Disorders in remembering aural material, Disorders in attention, memory and association in learning process, Slow pace of learning, Sysgraphia
|14||male||Poland||Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Dysgraphia|